What is a Bungalow?
A bungalow is a type of building, originally developed in the Bengal region of the subcontinent. The meaning of the word bungalow varies internationally. Common features of many bungalows include verandas and being low-rise.
A bungalow today is a house, normally detached, that may contain a small loft. It is either single-story or has a second story built into a sloping roof, usually with dormer windows (one-and-a-half stories).
Bungalows are very convenient for the homeowner in that all living areas are on a single-story and there are no stairs between living areas.
Neighborhoods of only bungalows offer more privacy than similar neighborhoods with two-story houses. As bungalows are one or one and a half stories, strategically planted trees and shrubs are usually sufficient to block the view of neighbors.
With two-story houses, the extra height requires much taller trees to accomplish the same, and it may not be practical to place such tall trees close to the building to obscure the view from the second floor of the next door neighbor. Bungalows provide cost-effective residences.
Cost and space considerations
On a per unit area basis (e.g. per square meter or per square foot), bungalows are more expensive to construct than two-story houses, because a larger foundation and roof area is required for the same living area.
The larger foundation will often translate into larger lot size requirements, as well. Due to this, bungalows are typically fully detached from other buildings and do not share a common foundation or party wall: if the homeowner can afford the extra expense of a bungalow relative to a two-story house, they can typically afford to be fully detached as well.
Although the ‘footprint’ of a bungalow is often a simple rectangle, any foundation is theoretically possible.
For bungalows with brick walls, the windows are often positioned high, and are close to the roof. This architectural technique avoids the need for special arches or lintels to support the brick wall above the windows. However, in two-story homes, there is no choice but to continue the brick wall above the window (second-story windows may be positioned high and close to the
- Low-pitched roof, gabled or hipped.
- Deep eaves with exposed rafters.
- Decorative knee braces.
- Open floor plan.
- Terraced compound.
- Children play area.
- Built-in cabinetry, beamed ceilings, simple wainscot most commonly seen in dining and living room.
- Large, covered front porches with massive columns under extension of main roof.